Quiz – Key dates in medical librarianship relating to automation
1. When was the 1st edition of the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) released for use in both indexing and cataloguing?
2. In what decade did the demand for mediated online searches in the health sciences begin? 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 1980s?
3. Modern machine methods were first applied to the production of index Medicus in the middle of which decade?
4. In what year did the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System (MEDLARS) become operational?
5. When was the 1st International MEDLARS Centre (to implement batch bibliographic retrieval services using NLM data) established?
6. When did the NLM initiate experiments in real time, interactive online access to the MEDLARS bibliographic database?
7. In what year did MEDLINE become operational?
8. When did widespread searching of online commercial databases by academic reference librarians begin?
9. When did services oriented to end users of online databases begin to appear?
10. What was the real breakthrough in end-user searching in the mid-1980s?
11. In what year did NLM develop the software package Grateful Med? (A personal computer-based search interface for health professionals who wanted to do their own searches)?
12. When did MEDLINE on CD-ROM first appear?
13. What was the major benefit of CD-ROM technology compared to online commercial databases?
14. When did the NLM release Internet Grateful Med?
15. When was access to MEDLINE over the Web made free of charge?
8. late 1970s
9. early 1980s
10. the introduction of CD-ROM technology
12. early 1987
13. cost-effective, fixed annual cost rather than variable cost of online connect charges
14. in 1996
15. 26 June 1997
1. I need to brush up on the history of my profession.
2. I'm glad I missed the MEDLINE on CD-ROM generation.